This chapter provides an overview of motivational interviewing, which is a client-centered and collaborative, yet directive approach for working with a person's intrinsic motivation to change. Originally formulated for the treatment of alcohol use disorders, motivational interviewing — a brief treatment model (one to four sessions) — has now been applied to many problem areas. Several guiding principles underlie the techniques of motivational interviewing: expressing empathy, developing discrepancy, rolling with resistance, supporting self-efficacy, and developing a change plan. These principles are enacted through the following techniques: listening reflectively/demonstrating empathy, eliciting self-motivational statements strategies to handle resistance, and enacting a decisional balance.
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