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Russian IdentitiesA Historical Survey$
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Nicholas V. Riasanovsky

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195156508

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156508.001.0001

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The Reign of Nicholas I, 1825–1855, and the New Intellectual Climate

The Reign of Nicholas I, 1825–1855, and the New Intellectual Climate

(p.130) 7 The Reign of Nicholas I, 1825–1855, and the New Intellectual Climate
Russian Identities

Nicholas V. Riasanovsky (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter views the reign of Nicholas I as a period of continuation and change of his older brother's (Alexander I) reign. It discusses that his reorganization of state peasants can be considered as having a rather significant contribution to the kind of partial improvement in peasant life inaugurated by such measures of Alexander I as the law concerning the free agriculturists. The chpater describes Nicholas I as a new sovereign who displayed determination, singleness of purpose, and iron will. It tells how he married a Prussian princess and developed close ties with his wife's family. It explains that the government's ideology, known as the Official Nationality, was proclaimed in 1823 by the new minister of education, Sergei Uvarov, who quoted that all education in Russia must be conducted in the joint spirit of Orthodoxy, autocracy, and nationality. It explains that Romanticism and idealistic philosophy also penetrated Russia.

Keywords:   Nicholas I, state peasants, Prussia, Official Nationality, Sergei Uvarov, Romanticism, idealistic philosophy, Decembrists

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