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Population HealthConcepts and Methods$
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T. Kue Young

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195158540

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 September 2021

Assessing Health Risks in Populations

Assessing Health Risks in Populations

Chapter:
(p.177) 5 Assessing Health Risks in Populations
Source:
Population Health
Author(s):

T. Kue Young

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158540.003.0005

This chapter defines risk and reviews the concepts of causation from Aristotle, Hume, Mill, Koch, and Bradford Hill to Rothman; the use of ratio and difference measures in quantifying association; and attributable risk and its variants in assessing causal effect. It also explains the concept of competing risks and how they affect overall pattern of mortality. It discusses risk perception and communication as critical functions of public health practice.

Keywords:   risk, necessary cause, sufficient cause, temporality, dose-response, relative risk, attributable risk, Koch's postulates, Bradford Hill's criteria, Pascal's wager

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