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After ProgressAmerican Social Reform and European Socialism in the Twentieth Century$
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Norman Birnbaum

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195158595

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158595.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Contending Versions of Socialism

Contending Versions of Socialism

(p.153) 6 Contending Versions of Socialism
After Progress

Norman Birnbaum

Oxford University Press

There is no single pattern of relationship between intellectuals and the socialist movement. Apart from the fact that many 20th-century intellectuals elected the movements and values of the right, the very category of intellectual as commonly employed is abusively general. Intellectuals may be found at some distance from the ordinary processes of politics and production, particularly in the cultural market place. They may be closer to the actual mechanics of the economy and politics or deeply involved in these. Closeness and distance are not themselves alone compelling indices of influence. The educational traditions of socialism, the socialist movement's early ambition to democratize high culture and form fuller human beings, could be pursued in this setting only with very great difficulty.

Keywords:   intellectuals, socialist movement, economy, politics, socialism

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