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Between Two Empires – Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Between Two Empires: Race, History, and Transnationalism in Japanese America

Eiichiro Azuma


Before World War II, Japanese immigrants, or Issei, forged a unique transnational identity between their native land and the United States. Whether merchants, community leaders, or rural farmers, Japanese immigrants shared a collective racial identity as aliens ineligible for American citizenship, even as they worked to form communities in the American West. At the same time, Imperial Japan considered Issei and their descendents part of its racial expansion abroad and enlisted them to further their nationalist goals. This book shows how Japanese immigrants negotiated their racial and class pos ... More

Keywords: Japanese immigrants, Issei, transnational identity, Imperial Japan, United States, racial identity, Chinese, Filipino, nationalism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780195159400
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159400.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Eiichiro Azuma, author
University of Pennsylvania
Author Webpage