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Health Care Regulation in AmericaComplexity, Confrontation, and Compromise$
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Robert I. Field

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195159684

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.001.0001

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Regulation and Funding of Research

Regulation and Funding of Research

(p.205) 8 Regulation and Funding of Research
Health Care Regulation in America

Robert I. Field

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the government's role in regulating and funding research. It traces the growth of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) into the largest single source of biomedical research support in the world with twenty-seven component institutes. NIH grants have funded a plethora of major medical advances since its creation in the 1930s with much current activity focused on the Human Genome Project, which mapped the human genetic code. Other important science funding agencies include the National Science Foundation, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and the Veterans Administration. Research involving human subjects is regulated by NIH's requirement that grant recipients establish Institutional Review Boards to review research protocols. Clinical trials of new drugs are subject to a similar requirement of the Food and Drug Administration. Perennial policy issues involve the allocation of funding between basic and applied research and the influence of politics on NIH funding priorities.

Keywords:   research, biomedical, funding, National Institutes of Health, human subjects, genome, research grant, science

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