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When Prisoners Come HomeParole and Prisoner Reentry$
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Joan Petersilia

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195160864

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.001.0001

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Revolving Door Justice

Revolving Door Justice

Inmate Release and Recidivism

(p.139) Seven Revolving Door Justice
When Prisoners Come Home

Joan Petersilia

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents data on the number of parolees recidivating, as well as on the contribution that parolees make to the overall level of crime in a community. It also identifies the demographic and crime factors that are significant predictors of recidivism. Recent data tracking inmates released from prison in 1994 show that two-thirds are rearrested, and nearly one-quarter are returned to prison for a new crime within three years of their release. These rearrest rates are 5% higher than among inmates released in 1983. Inmates originally convicted of property crimes had the highest recidivism rates, followed by drugs, public order, and violent crimes. Younger prisoners and those with longer criminal records were more likely to be rearrested, as were men and those who were black.

Keywords:   recidivating parolees, recidivism, community crime, crime factors, rearrest rates, property crimes, drug abuse

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