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The Missing Link in CognitionOrigins of self-reflective consciousness$
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Herbert S. Terrace and Janet Metcalfe

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195161564

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 September 2021

Studies of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition in Animals and Humans

Studies of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition in Animals and Humans

(p.242) 10 Studies of Uncertainty Monitoring and Metacognition in Animals and Humans
The Missing Link in Cognition

J. David Smith

Oxford University Press

The chapter investigates episodic memory in a nonhuman primate. The subject for this analysis was a circus gorilla named King, who used symbols to identify several foods and to name several of his trainers. The chapter presents a new paradigm for studying episodic memory in a nonhuman primate but also serves to sharpen the definition of what will and will not qualify as evidence of episodic memory. Most cognitive psychologists consider episodic memory to be the sole domain of human beings and therefore do not consider it an appropriate topic for study in nonhuman animals. During the past few years, a number of investigators have begun to study episodic memory in a variety of species: pigeons, rats, scrub jays, chimpanzees, and gorillas. The chapter evaluates evidence of episodic memory in nonhuman species, specifically primates. The implications of the research are discussed for narrowing the gap in the episodic memory between humans and animals.

Keywords:   episodic memory, nonhuman primate, cognitive psychologists, animals

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