Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Missing Link in CognitionOrigins of self-reflective consciousness$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Herbert S. Terrace and Janet Metcalfe

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195161564

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161564.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

Metaconfidence Judgments in Rhesus Macaques: Explicit Versus Implicit Mechanisms

Metaconfidence Judgments in Rhesus Macaques: Explicit Versus Implicit Mechanisms

(p.296) 12 Metaconfidence Judgments in Rhesus Macaques: Explicit Versus Implicit Mechanisms
The Missing Link in Cognition

Lisa K. Son

Nate Kornell

Oxford University Press

The chapter shows a paradigm that has the potential to reveal true metacognition in animals. The main controversies surrounding Smith's paradigm centered on whether what he referred to as metacognitive judgments were simply judgments of extant stimuli that are present when the subject responds uncertain. By using a modified version of the match-to-sample paradigm, this chapter shows that the star monkey in the experiment was able to make valid metacognitive judgments. The chapter outlines a framework that makes tests for memory awareness in nonhumans possible and describes some of the behaviors of nonhuman behavior that are difficult to explain. There are both conceptual and experimental issues regarding the validity of the concept of memory awareness in nonhuman animals. It will always remain a matter of conjecture whether monkeys experience conscious states of knowing like humans. There is a need to put aside introspection, treat self-reflection as a biological mechanism and focus on what self-reflect.

Keywords:   metacognitin, metacognitive judgments, monkey, memory awareness, experimental issues, self-reflection, biological mechanism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .