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The Apocalyptic Year 1000Religious Expectation and Social Change, 950-1050$
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Richard Landes, Andrew Gow, and David C. Van Meter

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195161625

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161625.001.0001

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Awaiting the End of Time around the Turn of the Year 1000

Awaiting the End of Time around the Turn of the Year 1000

Chapter:
1 Awaiting the End of Time around the Turn of the Year 1000
Source:
The Apocalyptic Year 1000
Author(s):

Johannes Fried

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161625.003.0002

The Romantic and realist 19th century loved to paint those “terrors of the year 1000” in gaudy colors. One may argue that since the examples cited in this chapter derive from the period after the foreboding year 1000, they therefore fail to convey true premillennial fear. A single document that is comparable to the previously mentioned sources but dates from an earlier period survives. This document, a letter by a monk of Saint-Germain to a bishop of Verdun, indicates no fundamental change in behavior that might have resulted in the staying of a millennial judgment. Numerous contemporary commentators in the Burgundian-Lotharingian area around 960 understood the approaching, biblically significant interval of a thousand years since the birth of Christ as important and predictably identified the hitherto unknown Hungarians as the apocalyptic peoples of Gog and Magog.

Keywords:   terrors, year 1000, document, letter, monk, Saint-Germain, bishop, Verdun, Hungarians, millennial judgment

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