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The Civil Sphere$
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Jeffrey C. Alexander

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195162509

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162509.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 August 2021

Encounters with the Other

Encounters with the Other

(p.409) Chapter 16 Encounters with the Other
The Civil Sphere

Jeffrey C. Alexander

Oxford University Press

During the three hundred years since the first democratic institutionalizations of civil society emerged the crippling of its utopian promises generated continuous struggle. These have not only been political struggles for power, but legal, cultural, and emotional arguments about definitions of competence and identity, about symbolic representations of the primordial qualities of dominant and excluded groups. The public has never been a dry and arid place composed of abstract arguments about reason. It has always been filled up by expressive images, by narratives, traditions, and symbolic codes. Organizations and social movements have sustained and resisted these cultural structures, engaging in discursive struggles over the legitimating resources they need to expand or restrict civil life. This chapter discusses the plasticity of common identity; exclusionary solidarity; forms of out-group contact; nondemocratic incorporation; internal colonialism and the civil sphere; varieties of incorporation and resistance in civil societies; closing down the civil sphere; opening up the civil sphere; and stigmatized persons and their qualities.

Keywords:   civil society, common identity, exclusionary solidarity, nondemocratic incorporation, out-group contact, civil sphere, internal colonialism

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