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Purity, Sacrifice, and the TempleSymbolism and Supersessionism in the Study of Ancient Judaism$
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Jonathan Klawans

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195162639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162639.001.0001

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Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos

Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos

Priests, Purity, Sacrifice, and Angels

(p.111) 4 Temple as Cosmos or Temple in the Cosmos
Purity, Sacrifice, and the Temple

Jonathan Klawans (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes two distinct symbolic understandings of the Jerusalem temple and its rituals. It finds evidence for a belief in the temple as representing the cosmos in Josephus, Philo and rabbinic literature, and evidence for a belief that the earthly temple represents a heavenly sanctuary in the Pseudepigrapha, Dead Sea Scrolls, and other rabbinic sources. It attempts to identify one or another of these two symbolic understandings as the precursor of the other are rejected.

Keywords:   cosmos, heaven, Josephus, Philo, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran, Rabbinic literature

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