This chapter discusses the study of olfaction in rats. It argues that rats and other rodents live in an olfactory world and any attempt to understand rodent biology must take into account the importance of olfaction for social behavior, feeding, learning, and orientation in the environment. The role of odors in the control of rodent behavior has long been a primary topic in ethologically oriented studies of rat behavior, and the relatively simple tests used in these studies have served to demonstrate the influence and importance of odors. However, recent advances in odor control of learning and in the molecular biology of olfaction have required the use of more sophisticated test procedures and better control and understanding of the stimulus.
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