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The Man behind the MicrochipRobert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley$
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Leslie Berlin

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195163438

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195163438.001.0001

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(p.82) 4 Breakaway
The Man behind the Microchip

Leslie Berlin

Oxford University Press

This chapter recounts the group of eight scientists' move from Shockley Semiconductor Labs to Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation, which was established under an agreement with Fairchild Camera and Instrument. A deal with IBM was key to the success of Fairchild Semiconductor. IBM wanted a transistor that could withstand high temperatures and that could switch quickly. By May 1958, the NPN transistor Moore's team had built for IBM was ready to move into production. By early summer, Fairchild Semiconductor had delivered its promised 100 devices to IBM.

Keywords:   semiconductors, Fairchild Semiconductor, Fairchild Camera and Instrument, IBM, transistors

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