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In the Line of FireTrauma in the Emergency Services$
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Cheryl Regehr and Ted Bober

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195165029

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2021



Evaluating the Efficacy of Interventions

(p.211) 13 DOES IT WORK?
In the Line of Fire



Oxford University Press

In providing any type of mental health service to an individual, group of individuals, or organization, it is important to assess that what we are doing actually works or at the very least doesn’t make things worse. Recently, controversy has arisen about the efficacy of the crisis debriefing group model. In light of mixed research findings, many questions remain unanswered as yet regarding crisis debriefings. Nevertheless, the controversy does require that the crisis debriefing model be reconsidered and attention be directed to what aspects of the model may be helpful and what aspects of the model may be counterproductive. This chapter reviews the evidence regarding interventions with workers in various emergency fields, and seeks to understand some of the conflicting data surrounding efficacy. It discusses methods of program evaluation to assist those providing services to emergency organizations in assessing the efficacy of both their educational and clinical interventions.

Keywords:   evidence-based practice, efficacy, critical incident stress debriefing, program evaluation, crisis debriefing, conflicting data

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