DOES IT WORK?
DOES IT WORK?
Evaluating the Efficacy of Interventions
In providing any type of mental health service to an individual, group of individuals, or organization, it is important to assess that what we are doing actually works or at the very least doesn’t make things worse. Recently, controversy has arisen about the efficacy of the crisis debriefing group model. In light of mixed research findings, many questions remain unanswered as yet regarding crisis debriefings. Nevertheless, the controversy does require that the crisis debriefing model be reconsidered and attention be directed to what aspects of the model may be helpful and what aspects of the model may be counterproductive. This chapter reviews the evidence regarding interventions with workers in various emergency fields, and seeks to understand some of the conflicting data surrounding efficacy. It discusses methods of program evaluation to assist those providing services to emergency organizations in assessing the efficacy of both their educational and clinical interventions.
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