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Black and White Manhattan – The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Black and White Manhattan: The History of Racial Formation in Colonial New York City

Thelma Wills Foote


Race first emerged as an important ingredient of New York City's melting pot when it was known as New Amsterdam and was a fledgling colonial outpost on the North American frontier. This book details the arrival of the first immigrants, including African slaves, and traces encounters between the town's inhabitants of African, European, and Native American descent, showing how racial domination became key to the building of the settler colony at the tip of Manhattan Island. During the colonial era, the art of governing the city's diverse and factious population, the book reveals, involved the su ... More

Keywords: Manhattan, racial formation, colonial New York, race, New York City, melting pot, New Amsterdam, colonial outpost, North American frontier, African slaves

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2004 Print ISBN-13: 9780195165371
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165371.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Thelma Wills Foote, author
University of California, Irvine