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Different DrummersJazz in the Culture of Nazi Germany$
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Michael H. Kater

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195165531

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165531.001.0001

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Near Defeat: Jazz Toward the “Final Victory” September 1942 to May 1945

Near Defeat: Jazz Toward the “Final Victory” September 1942 to May 1945

(p.163) 4 Near Defeat: Jazz Toward the “Final Victory” September 1942 to May 1945
Different Drummers

Michael H. Kater (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

After the summer of 1942, the tide began to turn against the Nazi Reich. Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was losing out in the North African war arena and, in Russia, the Wehrmacht suffered more opprobrium. By May 1945, the denouement had been marked by three or four altogether disastrous developments. First, on February 3, 1943, Adolf Hitler had to concede defeat at Stalingrad. The Allied armies then landed on the Normandy coast during D-Day, the sixth of June. The Red Army entered Berlin in the last week of April 1945. On the eighth of May, a mere eight days after Hitler and Joseph Goebbels committed suicides, the government capitulated unconditionally. To a large extent, the fate of German jazz was tied up with these events. The most immediate phenomenon that increasingly affected jazz and dance music, as well as its resilient subculture, was the recurrent bombing raids, especially when they targeted Berlin.

Keywords:   jazz, Germany, Nazis, World War II, dance music, censorship, musicians, Joseph Goebbels, radio broadcasting

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