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Lifespan CognitionMechanisms of Change$
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Ellen Bialystok and Fergus I. M. Craik

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169539

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2021

Aging and Long-Term Memory: Deficits Are Not Inevitable

Aging and Long-Term Memory: Deficits Are Not Inevitable

(p.162) 11 Aging and Long-Term Memory: Deficits Are Not Inevitable
Lifespan Cognition

Rose T. Zacks

Lynn Hasher

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes major empirical generalizations about aging and memory and then discusses episodic memory (or deliberate, intentional memory for particular events) as well as research on mechanisms of retrieval and on memory errors (source and false memories). Finally, the chapter considers non-cognitive (social, biological) factors that have important moderating effects on age differences in memory. Although it is far from certain that a common underlying factor accounts for the basic developmental patterns that have been found in studies examining age differences in recollection and familiarity, source memory, and memory errors, there seems to be a common empirical thread. The available evidence suggests that we may have seriously underestimated the memory abilities of older adults.

Keywords:   aging, long-term memory, episodic memory, memory errors, age differences, source memory, recollection, familiarity, older adults

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