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Lifespan CognitionMechanisms of Change$
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Ellen Bialystok and Fergus I. M. Craik

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169539

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2021

Development of Representation in Childhood

Development of Representation in Childhood

(p.178) 12 Development of Representation in Childhood
Lifespan Cognition

Katherine Nelson

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an overview of the concepts of representation in cognitive psychology and developmental psychology. It then discusses theories based on levels of representation and their development in childhood. The chapter begins with the function of representation in human cognition as conceptualized by cognitive psychologist and psycholinguist George Miller, who declared that language serves the representational function for humans that is otherwise served for non-language creatures. But it leaves open the question of how—if at all—representation is managed by nonhumans or by non-language using humans, such as pre-linguistic infants and very young children. These questions reflect contentious issues in cognitive science based on different computational models of symbolic processing and neural network processing. Specific alleged domains such as space, number, object knowledge, and theory of mind are integrated in the knowledge structures of the early years and serve as background to the pragmatics of everyday life, organized in terms of domains of practice.

Keywords:   George Miller, representation, cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, language, childhood, cognitive science, symbolic processing, neural network processing

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