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Lifespan CognitionMechanisms of Change$
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Ellen Bialystok and Fergus I. M. Craik

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169539

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 October 2021

Neural Bases of Cognitive Development

Neural Bases of Cognitive Development

(p.15) 2 Neural Bases of Cognitive Development
Lifespan Cognition

Margot J. Taylor

Oxford University Press

At birth, an infant's brain and central nervous system contain all the components found in all adult brain, just as the newborn's body has all the parts in the right places, but the growth and development over infancy and childhood are as remarkable for the brain as for the body. Understanding the development of brain structure and function is critical to understanding the development of cognitive abilities. This chapter first reviews the basic physiological maturation of the brain and then links these changes with some examples of cognitive development. It discusses the physiological measures of brain development, myelination, maturation of white matter and gray matter, functional measures of neural development over childhood, experience and developmental changes, functional changes with development, neural correlates of the development of face processing, neural correlates of the development of language skills, and changes in brain structure and function across the lifespan.

Keywords:   brain, central nervous system, growth, cognitive development, childhood, cognitive abilities, physiological maturation, myelination, experience, language skills

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