Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Distinctiveness and Memory$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

R. Reed Hunt and James B. Worthen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169669

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 31 October 2020

Modeling Distinctiveness: Implications for General Memory Theory

Modeling Distinctiveness: Implications for General Memory Theory

Chapter:
(p.26) (p.27) 2 Modeling Distinctiveness: Implications for General Memory Theory
Source:
Distinctiveness and Memory
Author(s):

James S. Nairne

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0002

To explain the specificity of retention, students of memory appeal often to the concept of distinctiveness. Distinctiveness is not a fixed property of a cue, or a target trace, or even of an interaction between a given cue and a given target. This chapter introduces a simple retrieval model and shows how it helps account for some of the phenomena classically associated with the study of distinctiveness. It shows how the model informs us about the particulars of the von Restorff effect and about the paradoxical effects of processing similarity and difference on episodic retrieval. It then considers the role of time in the calculation of distinctiveness and contrasts the retrieval model with certain extant models of temporal distinctiveness. The chapter ends by discussing how the retrieval model forces us to reassess some widely held beliefs about memory, particularly the notion that memory is directly related to the match between an encoded cue and an encoded target.

Keywords:   distinctiveness, memory, retention, encoded cue, encoded target, retrieval model, von Restorff, similarity, difference, episodic retrieval

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .