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Punishment and Democracy – Three Strikes and You're Out in California - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Punishment and Democracy: Three Strikes and You're Out in California

Franklin E. Zimring, Gordon Hawkins, and Sam Kamin


“Getting tough on crime” has been one of the favorite rallying cries of American politicians in the last two decades, and “getting tough” on repeat offenders has been particularly popular. “Three strikes and you're out” laws, which effectively impose a twenty-five-years-to-life sentence at the moment of a third felony conviction, have been passed in twenty-six states. California's version of the “three strikes” law, enacted in 1994, was broader and more severe than measures considered or passed in any other state. This book provides an examination of the actual impact this law has had. This bo ... More

Keywords: repeat offenders, life sentence, third felony conviction, California, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Francisco, three strikes, criminal justice, penal policy

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2003 Print ISBN-13: 9780195171174
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171174.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Franklin E. Zimring, author
University of California, Berkeley

Gordon Hawkins, author
Earl Warren Legal Institute

Sam Kamin, author
University of Denver