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Punishment and DemocracyThree Strikes and You're Out in California$
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Franklin E. Zimring, Gordon Hawkins, and Sam Kamin

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195171174

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171174.001.0001

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Three Strikes as Crime Control

Three Strikes as Crime Control

(p.85) Six Three Strikes as Crime Control
Punishment and Democracy

E.Zimring Franklin

Gordon Hawkins

Sam Kamin

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains the logic of the test for the short-term deterrent impact of Three Strikes and demonstrates that the 1994 law could have had only a small fraction of the deterrent impact that has been attributed to it. It first outlines the claims made by California law enforcement about the effectiveness of Three Strikes in California cities before and after the effective date of Three Strikes and discusses the ambiguities of these trends as evidence of the new law's impact. It defines and contrasts two potential sources of Three Strikes crime prevention — incapacitation and deterrence — and addresses the likely timing of the impacts from these two different mechanisms.

Keywords:   crime prevention, incapacitation, deterrence, crime control

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