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The Curse of the SelfSelf-Awareness, Egotism, and the Quality of Human Life$
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Mark R. Leary

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195172423

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172423.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 March 2021

Making Ourselves Miserable

Making Ourselves Miserable

(p.78) 4 Making Ourselves Miserable
The Curse of the Self

Mark R. Leary

Oxford University Press

Most negative emotions are not the direct consequences of real emotion-producing events, but rather occur because people imagine themselves in past or future situations and engage in rumination about them. Even when the threat is real, negative emotions often do not help people deal with the danger. This chapter examines the ways in which people create their own emotional distress by imagining future events, thinking about significant others, creating an ego that must be defended against attack, attributing the causes of their behaviors and emotions, and worrying about the appraisals of other people. Among the emotions discussed are anxiety, depression, anger, jealousy, guilt, shame, and social anxiety.

Keywords:   rumination, emotion, worry, anxiety, ego-threats, jealousy, depression, guilt, shame

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