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Globalization and Health$
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Ichiro Kawachi and Sarah Wamala

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195172997

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 September 2021

Military Spending: Global Health Threat or Global Public Good?

Military Spending: Global Health Threat or Global Public Good?

(p.311) Chapter 18 Military Spending: Global Health Threat or Global Public Good?
Globalization and Health

Raymond R. Hyatt Jr.

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the specific tradeoffs between military spending and social welfare spending (the well-known guns vs. butter tradeoff) and the effects of expenditures in military budgets for recently expanding peacekeeping operations. The analysis confirms the negative relationship between mortality and the allocation of resources to military programs by the state. Citizens in countries with higher allocations to military programs have worse mortality outcomes. Greater percentages of state resources allocated to military programs are associated with higher infant mortality rate (IMRs) and lower overall life expectancy at birth (LEB) for the average citizen. The most basic aspect of freedom—the opportunity to live a life of choice—is restricted as resources are allocated away from domestic programs.

Keywords:   economic growth, national spending, social welfare, military expenditures

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