A Summing Up
A Summing Up
Some Facets of Interdependence
The concept of interdependence is the cornerstone of the ecological perspective. In biology, it represents the fundamental notion of life, particularly the exchange of nutrients and energy in an ecosystem. Roy Rappaport rightly maintains that “the ecosystem concept itself is a vital element in the construction, maintenance and reconstruction of the webs of life upon which, by whatever name we call them, we are absolutely dependent.” This axiom defines ecological biology and serves as an ecological perspective for community psychology. Thinking ecologically in psychology has been at the margins of preferred thinking. With the exception of a few notable researchers, psychology has only recently become a potential host for ecological thinking. The concept of interdependence has been employed in other fields and disciplines, however. For example, environmentalist James G. Speth has provided connections between economic indicators and sustainable environmental resources.
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