This chapter summarizes the risk factors for adverse adult outcomes that Northwest alumni faced before or during care. These included the number of places lived before foster care, parents' health and criminal problems, and abuse/neglect. In this volume, the term risk factors refers to those descriptors, aside from demographic variables, largely in effect before the alumni entered foster care and certainly before they became eligible for the study. Thus, risk factors are here differentiated from factors the agencies could likely control or influence. This chapter presents prevalence data on many risk factors that will later be associated with outcomes and will later be used as controls before examining the relationship between foster care experiences and outcomes. This chapter provides the context for experiences that placed alumni at risk for poor long-term outcomes.
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