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John Buridan$
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Gyula Klima

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195176223

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.001.0001

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The Properties of Terms (Proprietates Terminorum)

The Properties of Terms (Proprietates Terminorum)

John Buridan

Gyula Klima (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Having seen the limitations of a reconstruction of Buridan’s semantics in terms of a modified quantification theory, this chapter begins engaging Buridan’s theory in its own terms, starting with a detailed discussion of the semantic properties of terms. The discussion moves from a brief discussion of Buridan’s distinction between immediate and ultimate signification (securing that the semantic properties of mental terms will be “inherited” by written and spoken terms), to Buridan’s theory of reference, namely, supposition, and oblique reference, namely, appellation. The chapter discusses suppositional descents as distinguishing quantifier-scopes, numerical quantification, and appellation in temporal and modal contexts, as well as Buridan’s peculiar theory of appellatio rationis, the theory of oblique reference to concepts in intentional contexts.

Keywords:   immediate signification, ultimate signification, supposition, numerical quantification, numbers, appellatio rationis

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