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Massive ResistanceSouthern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction$
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Clive Webb

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195177862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.001.0001

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Why Massive Resistance?

Why Massive Resistance?

(p.21) One Why Massive Resistance?
Massive Resistance

Michael J. Klarman

Oxford University Press

This chapter assesses how the forces of massive resistance overwhelmed more liberal opinion on racial integration. It stresses that those white southerners who were opposed to the Brown decision were more politically committed than were those who accepted or supported it. It adds that die-hard segregationists used the apparatus of local and state government to destroy political dissent among the southern whites. It highlights the importance of legislative malapportionment, which provided disproportionate political power to rural districts where white racism was most virulent. It shows a dramatic picture of the southern states in the grip of reactionary racial politics.

Keywords:   Brown decision, massive resistance, white southerners, local government, state government, political power, rural district, racism, racial politics

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