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Massive ResistanceSouthern Opposition to the Second Reconstruction$
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Clive Webb

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195177862

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177862.001.0001

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Disunity and Religious Institutions in the White South

Disunity and Religious Institutions in the White South

(p.136) Seven Disunity and Religious Institutions in the White South
Massive Resistance

David L. Chappell

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that the southern states did not withstand the tide of political reform in part because white religious leaders failed to commit complete ideological and institutional support for segregation. It notes that the equivocation of white southern clergymen denied segregationists the cultural legitimacy they needed to sustain their cause. It explains that this was in pronounced contrast to the pivotal role of the black church in promoting civil rights reform. It adds that the church not only served as an organizational base and important source of income but also, through its leaders, instilled activists with a sense of divine purpose. It states that white churches, in contrast, did not care deeply enough about segregation to make its defense the most important thing in their lives.

Keywords:   political reform, religious leaders, clergymen, civil rights, black church, white church

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