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Are We Hardwired? – The Role of Genes in Human Behavior - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Are We Hardwired?: The Role of Genes in Human Behavior

William R. Clark and Michael Grunstein


The role of genes in governing behavior remains one of the most controversial topics in human biology. Early in this century, over-eager promotion of a genetic basis for behavior led to the excesses, and ultimately the horrors, of eugenics. Subsequent reactions to these excesses, both within the scientific community and society as a whole, led to a nearly complete dismissal of a role for genes in human behavior. Slowly we come back to a more balanced view. Detailed studies of the biological basis of behavior in animals, from the simplest single-celled creatures through the most complex mammals ... More

Keywords: genes, human behavior, eugenics, twin studies, heredity, genes versus environment

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2004 Print ISBN-13: 9780195178005
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178005.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

William R. Clark, author
Department of Immunology, UCLA, USA

Michael Grunstein, author
UCLA School of Medicine and Molecular Biology Institute, USA