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From Conditioning to Conscious RecollectionMemory systems of the brain$
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Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195178043

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.001.0001

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Emotional Memory and Memory Modulation

Emotional Memory and Memory Modulation

(p.394) 12 Emotional Memory and Memory Modulation
From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection

Howard Eichenbaum

Neal J. Cohen

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews behavioral and anatomical studies showing that areas in the temporal lobe are involved in the appreciation of emotional cues and in the expression of emotional behaviors. Also reviewed are studies showing that there is a specific memory system that mediates the learning and expression of emotional responses to stimuli of learned significance, even in the absence of conscious memory for the events of the learning experience. These studies provide evidence that plasticity in the amygdala plays a critical role in the acquisition of conditioned fear, and the same brain system mediates the acquisition and expression of a broad range of affective associations. In addition, the amygdala is also involved in the modulation of memory by emotional experiences. These influences operate indirectly by influencing a broad range of perceptual and motivational systems that provide the contents of new memories, and directly by influencing the memory consolidation process.

Keywords:   temporal lobe, amygdala, conditioned fear, memory consolidation

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