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Natural Justice - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Natural Justice

Ken Binmore


This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that hunter-gatherer societies which survived into the 20th century shared on a very egalitarian basis. What can such information tell us about the sense of fairness with which modern man is born? Using game theory as a basic tool, the book argues that fairness norms should be seen as a device for selecting an efficient equilibrium in the human game of life. Evolutionary arguments are then used to argue t ... More

Keywords: evolutionary ethics, social contract, game theory, Nash equilibrium, reciprocal altruism, cooperation, fairness norms, hunter-gatherers, utilitarianism, egalitarianism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780195178111
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ken Binmore, author
University College London
Author Webpage