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Movement and Silence$
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Richard S. Kayne

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179163

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179163.001.0001

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Antisymmetry and Japanese

Antisymmetry and Japanese

(p.215) 9 Antisymmetry and Japanese
Movement and Silence

Richard S. Kayne (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses antisymmetry and returns to the question of prepositions, by addressing the question of how the syntax of postpositions is to be integrated into the above-verb phrase (VP)/internal Merge approach. The proposal is that sentences with postpositions contain an extra double of P that sentences with prepositions lack; if this is correct, the difference between prepositional and postpositional sentences has something in common with cross-linguistic differences concerning clitic doubling. The emphasis is on certain aspects of the antisymmetry hypothesis of Kayne and to a certain extent on their implications for Japanese. The starting point is the hypothesis that syntactic structure is universally and without exception of the form specifier-head-complement (S-H-C): the complement of a head invariably follows that head; the associated specifier invariably precedes both head and complement. This S-H-C hypothesis is taken to hold at all stages of a derivation, both before and after movement.

Keywords:   antisymmetry, Japanese language, prepositions, syntax, sentences, word order, specifier-head-complement hypothesis, complementizers

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