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The Nature HandbookA Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors$
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Ernest H. Williams Jr.

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179293

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 April 2021



(p.227) 13. COASTS
The Nature Handbook

Ernest H. Williams

Oxford University Press

The habitats of coastal margins include marshes, estuaries, mud flats, sand dunes, rocky shores, and coastal forests, all of which are influenced by salt spray and the rising and falling of tidal waters. The intertidal gradient from high and dry to continuously submerged strongly affects plants and animals because the physical conditions for life change so dramatically over such a short distance. A number of observations described in this chapter reflect the differences across the intertidal zone.

Keywords:   marshes, estuaries, mud flats, sand dunes, rocky shores, intertidal, salt spray

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