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The Nature HandbookA Guide to Observing the Great Outdoors$
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Ernest H. Williams Jr.

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179293

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179293.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 April 2021



(p.167) 9. FORESTS
The Nature Handbook

Ernest H. Williams

Oxford University Press

Forests are more than just groups of trees, they are home to many organisms. In a forest one can see the scrape marks of deer and bear, the thick growth of mistletoes and shelf fungi, and the damage of bark beetles and sapsuckers. The trees themselves are the focus of our interest, whether they are deciduous or evergreen, how large they are, and when they leaf out and senesce. This chapter begins with different kinds of forests and then considers signs left by other residents of the forest.

Keywords:   trees, mistletoes, fungi, bark, deciduous, evergreen, signs, senesce

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