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What the Face RevealsBasic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)$
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Paul Ekman and Erika L. Rosenberg

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179644

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 January 2021

Depression and Suicide Faces

Depression and Suicide Faces

(p.496) 23 Depression and Suicide Faces
What the Face Reveals

Michael Heller

Véronique Haynal

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents two studies: the first concerns suicide and the second depression. These studies showed that a population of nonsuicidal depressive patients behaves differently from a population of depressive suicidal patients as far as the expression of emotions on the face is concerned. Analysis revealed that suicidal depressive patients do not suffer from more severe depression than the other patients, as the variable “depression severity” is not associated with the difference between the two populations. The inhibition demonstrated by the analysis of suicidal patients' expressions suggests that the problem could be related to impulsiveness and to violence. A discussion of some of the problems that need to be solved before the programs can be written is given.

Keywords:   depression, suicide, facial expression, impulsiveness, violence, depression severity

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