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Advances in the Spoken Language Development of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children$
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Patricia Elizabeth Spencer and Marc Marschark

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179873

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179873.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2020

The Process and Early Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation by Three Years of Age

The Process and Early Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation by Three Years of Age

Chapter:
(p.271) 12 The Process and Early Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation by Three Years of Age
Source:
Advances in the Spoken Language Development of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children
Author(s):

Johanna G. Nicholas

Ann E. Geers

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179873.003.0012

This chapter reviews literature on children who receive cochlear implants during the first 3 years of life. Data suggests that early implantation results in faster development of auditory and speech skills, with many children who receive them by 2 years of age appearing (at least up to about 3 years postimplant) to function at levels typical for hearing children. Age effects may be represented by a step function, with 2 years of age being one significant break point, and about 5 years of age another point marking enhanced potential compared to older ages. The chapter also discusses the complications arising from the demands of assessing and working with infants and toddlers, and examines ways to avoid potential pitfalls in research tracking their development.

Keywords:   cochlear implantation, spoken language learning, language skills

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