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Advances in the Spoken Language Development of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children$
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Patricia Elizabeth Spencer and Marc Marschark

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179873

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179873.001.0001

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Speech Production and Spoken Language Development of Children Using “Total Communication”

Speech Production and Spoken Language Development of Children Using “Total Communication”

Chapter:
(p.166) 8 Speech Production and Spoken Language Development of Children Using “Total Communication”
Source:
Advances in the Spoken Language Development of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children
Author(s):

Linda J. Spencer

J. Bruce Tomblin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179873.003.0008

A variety of methods have been used to support deaf children's spoken language development. One particular educational philosophy has attempted to combine input modalities to provide information from visual/aural modalities. This approach has been dubbed the total communication (TC) approach. This chapter begins by providing a background explanation of the TC educational approach which will lay a framework for viewing the acquisition of the speech and spoken language skills of children who are educated with this philosophy. It then reviews studies which outline the achievement profiles of children who have been educated in the TC setting. Within these profiles, the topics of oral articulation proficiency and how it relates to speech intelligibility are discussed, as well as spoken and written language developmental patterns found in this population. Finally, areas where there is a need for more research are highlighted.

Keywords:   deaf children, speech production, spoken language development, input modalities

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