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Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders$
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Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179941

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

Genes and Atypical Attention

Genes and Atypical Attention

(p.59) 3 Genes and Atypical Attention
Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Kim Cornish

John Wilding

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 introduces the six core neurodevelopmental disorders and their genetic origins. The genetics of four disorders (Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome and 22q11 deletion syndrome) are now well documented but the genetic origins of autism and ADHD, although generally assumed are as yet unclear. However, establishing the causal links between the genetic, cognitive and behavioral levels of analysis is a complex process. Similarities in behaviors across differing disorders can arrive through different cognitive mechanisms that have their roots in specific genetic-brain interactions. Current research endeavors represent exciting new directions in teasing out the genetic contribution to the attention problems that characterize many neurodevelopmental disorders.

Keywords:   genes, cognition, ADHD, autism, Fragile X syndrome, Down syndrome, Williams syndrome, 22q11 deletion syndrome, gene–environment interactions

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