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Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders$
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Kim Cornish and John Wilding

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195179941

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179941.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 April 2021

Atypical Attention: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Atypical Attention: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

(p.307) 8 Atypical Attention: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention, Genes, and Developmental Disorders

Kim Cornish

John Wilding

Oxford University Press

Chapter 8 focuses exclusively on ADHD, a complex disorder with a broad spectrum of involvement. It is also one of the most widely researched of neurodevelopmental disorders; yet pinpointing its causal mechanisms and attention pathways has not proved as straightforward as at first it appears. Core issues of concern centre on the disorders heterogeneity, the presence of co-morbid disorders (e.g. anxiety, learning disabilities, conduct disorder), and cognitive variability across development. Recent findings clearly support the hypothesis that ADHD should be viewed as a continuum of impairment rather than a discrete clinical disorder. The chapter concludes that weakness in EF processes, particularly planning, inhibition and maintenance of focus, are the key to ADHD, but notes that no convincing explanation is apparent for the frequent co-occurrence of inattentive and hyperactive behaviors.

Keywords:   ADHD, co-morbid disorders, inattention, hyperactivity, control executive function, inhibition, planning, maintenance of attention

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