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American Juvenile Justice$
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Franklin E. Zimring

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181166

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181166.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 May 2021

The Hardest of the Hard Cases

The Hardest of the Hard Cases

The Young Homicide Offender

(p.193) Thirteen The Hardest of the Hard Cases
American Juvenile Justice

Franklin E. Zimring

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the substantive principles that should govern the punishment of adolescents who kill. The first section shows that the stereotypical versions of juvenile and criminal courts are not well suited to attain just results in adolescent homicides. The second section uses cases reported in the news to explore the multiple varieties of youth homicides. The third section uses the diminished responsibility and room-to-reform conceptions discussed in Chapter 5 as a method of exploring punishment principles for adolescent killers. The fourth section sets out specific case studies in the meaning of diminished responsibility: the ages at which homicide offenders should be considered to be partially but not fully responsible; appropriate methods for determining deserved punishments for adolescent killers; constructive homicide liability as a problem for the criminal law of adolescence; and capital punishment for young killers.

Keywords:   adolescent homicides, punishment, juvenile court, criminal court, diminished responsibility, room-to-reform, adolescent killers, criminal law

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