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Minds Behind the BrainA history of the pioneers and their discoveries$
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Stanley Finger

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181821

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 September 2020

David Ferrier and Eduard Hitzig: The Experimentalists Map the Cerebral Cortex

David Ferrier and Eduard Hitzig: The Experimentalists Map the Cerebral Cortex

(p.155) 11 David Ferrier and Eduard Hitzig: The Experimentalists Map the Cerebral Cortex
Minds Behind the Brain

Stanley Finger (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

At the Seventh International Medical Congress held in London late in the summer of 1881, two individuals with contrasting ideas about brain physiology presented their experimental findings and theories. Friedrich Goltz, a physiologist from Strassburg, Germany, opposed the view that the cerebral cortex is made up of specialized organs. David Ferrier, a physiologist from King's College Hospital in London, believed in specialized sensory and motor areas of the cerebral cortex. If Paul Broca's 1861 report can be singled out as the most important clinical paper in the history of cortical localization, the discovery of the cortical motor area by Gustav Fritsch and Eduard Hitzig must be regarded as the most significant laboratory discovery. Hitzig became famous in the 1870s for his discovery of the motor cortex in dogs. This chapter looks at Ferrier's experiments with monkeys to study sensory cortical areas and the functions of the frontal cortex, as well as cases of human patients undergoing neurosurgery.

Keywords:   David Ferrier, Eduard Hitzig, cerebral cortex, cortical localization, Gustav Fritsch, frontal cortex, neurosurgery, monkeys, brain, motor cortex

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