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Minds Behind the BrainA history of the pioneers and their discoveries$
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Stanley Finger

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195181821

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.001.0001

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Pioneers and Discoveries in the Brain Sciences

Pioneers and Discoveries in the Brain Sciences

(p.301) 18 Pioneers and Discoveries in the Brain Sciences
Minds Behind the Brain

Stanley Finger (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This book has shown how little was known about the brain during the time of the unidentified but observant physician from Egypt's Third Dynasty, when Galen began his experimentalism in Rome, when Paul Broca was examining a patient's brain in Paris, or even when Otto Loewi came forth with evidence for chemical transmission in Graz. The purpose of this book was to look at a selection of the minds who had a major impact on the brain sciences, even if what each had to say was not entirely correct when judged through contemporary eyes—for example, Graeco-Roman humoral theory, René Descartes's pineal physiology, or Franz Joseph Gall's system of bumps. The idea was to show how these chosen individuals reasoned and to examine what each did to achieve great fame.

Keywords:   brain, humoral theory, physiology, brain sciences, Paul Broca, Galen, Otto Loewi, Franz Joseph Gall

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