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Lincolnites and RebelsA Divided Town in the American Civil War$
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Robert Tracy McKenzie

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195182941

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182941.001.0001

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Retribution and Reconciliation

Retribution and Reconciliation

(p.196) CHAPTER EIGHT Retribution and Reconciliation
Lincolnites and Rebels

Robert Tracy McKenzie

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the conclusion of the Civil War in Knoxville and the first couple of years of the troubled peace that followed. The return of Confederate and Union veterans led to numerous violent clashes, resulting in more violence between Confederates and Unionists in Knoxville after the war than during it. With Federal victory assured, Unionists debated the proper fate of the town's Confederate leaders, realizing that the outcome would do much to shape the social and political consequences of Union victory. Conservative Unionists called for rapid reconciliation, whereas more radical loyalists advocated severe retribution. Neither policy was implemented wholly. The chapter discusses persistent attitudes concerning slavery and the proper “place” of former slaves, then investigates the war's effects on the town's Confederate and Union populations. It is concluded that the town's inner civil war had minimal lasting effect on the structure of wealth and influence within the community.

Keywords:   Confederate veterans, war, peace, Union veterans

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