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Brain DevelopmentNormal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine$
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Michael W. Miller

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195183139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

Glial Targets of Developmental Exposure to Ethanol

Glial Targets of Developmental Exposure to Ethanol

(p.295) 18 Glial Targets of Developmental Exposure to Ethanol
Brain Development

Consuelo Guerri

Gemma Rubert

Maria Pascual

Oxford University Press

Glia are recognized as active partners with neurons as participants in neurotransmission and they play essential roles in axonal conduction, synaptic plasticity, and information processing. In the adult human brain, glia outnumber neurons by one order of magnitude. There are two classes of glia: microglia (which mediate inflammatory responses in the central nervous system) and macroglia. Macroglia are oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. This chapter focuses on astrocytes, which are the most paradigmatic glia.

Keywords:   glia, macroglia, neurons, astrocytes, microglia

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