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Brain DevelopmentNormal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine$
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Michael W. Miller

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195183139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 October 2021

Neuronal Differentiation: From Axons to Synapses

Neuronal Differentiation: From Axons to Synapses

(p.45) 4 Neuronal Differentiation: From Axons to Synapses
Brain Development

C. David Mintz

Iddil H. Bekirov

Tonya R. Anderson

Deanna L. Benson

Oxford University Press

A newly born neuron generates a single axon and a somatodendritic domain. As it matures, it engages, by way of synapses, a select population of the 20 billion other differentiating neurons in the human central nervous system. The connections that ultimately form are stereotyped and, for the most part, faithfully recapitulated across individuals. This chapter outlines major events in differentiation, highlighting the key cellular events and molecular mechanisms governing the process.

Keywords:   neurons, central nervous system, differentiation, synapses

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