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Applied EpidemiologyTheory to practice$
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Ross C. Brownson and Diana B. Petitti

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195187410

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2021

Outbreak and Cluster Investigations

Outbreak and Cluster Investigations

(p.68) 3 Outbreak and Cluster Investigations
Applied Epidemiology

Ross C. Brownson

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the current state of the art in outbreak and cluster investigations. In general, outbreak investigations have been more fruitful in leading to scientific discoveries in epidemiology than have studies of clusters. Because outbreak investigations are “natural experiments” and their methods are relatively well established, they provide unique opportunities in applied epidemiology. A properly conducted outbreak investigation can lead to rapid implementation of control measures, new discoveries about risk factors, and important field training opportunities through programs such as the EIS.

Keywords:   disease outbreak, disease clusters, epidemiology, epidemiological studies, public health practice

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