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Understanding EventsFrom Perception to Action$
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Thomas F. Shipley and Jeffrey M. Zacks

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195188370

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188370.001.0001

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Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Human Comprehension

Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Human Comprehension

(p.639) 23 Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Human Comprehension
Understanding Events

Tatiana Sitnikova

Phillip J. Holcomb

Gina R. Kuperberg

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of evidence for distinctions between two semantic comprehension systems in the language domain: a system that maps the perceived information on graded semantic representations and a system that utilizes particular semantic requirements of verbs. It then reviews similar research using static and motion pictures. It argues that the two mechanisms of language comprehension might be analogous to the systems that use graded semantic representations and action-based requirements to make sense of the visual world. The experiments that are reviewed in this chapter examine questions of both how comprehenders understand relationships between the elements within individual events and how they understand the relationships between events. Experiments that have used event-related potentials (ERPs) are also highlighted.

Keywords:   language comprehension, visual world comprehension, event-related potentials, semantic comprehension systems, static pictures, motion pictures

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