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Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems$
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Wayne D. Gray

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189193

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189193.001.0001

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The Modeling and Control of Visual Perception

The Modeling and Control of Visual Perception

(p.132) 10 The Modeling and Control of Visual Perception
Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems

Ronald A. Rensink

Oxford University Press

Recent developments in vision science have resulted in several major changes in our understanding of human visual perception. For example, attention no longer appears necessary for “visual intelligence” — a large amount of sophisticated processing can be done without it. Scene perception no longer appears to involve static, general-purpose descriptions but instead may involve dynamic representations whose content depends on the individual and the task. And vision itself no longer appears to be limited to the production of a conscious “picture” — it may also guide processes outside the conscious awareness of the observer. This chapter explores some of these new developments and discusses their potential implications for the modeling and control of vision. It focuses on the emerging view that visual perception involves the sophisticated coordination of several quasi-independent systems, each with its own intelligence. It considers several consequences of this view, including new possibilities for human-machine interaction.

Keywords:   visual perception, visual intelligence, vision, quasi-independent systems, human-machine interaction, modeling, control, attention

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